- There are eight Prime Numbers Under 20
- Many people are unsure whether they have listed them all so it can help to draw the grid out and put them all into it – 4 under 10 then 4 more between 10 and 20
- One is not a prime
- Two IS a prime
I invented “Cross Sums” to help students who struggle with Proportional Reasoning. The philosophy includes:
- All proportional reasoning sums are essentially the same – times 2 numbers and divide by a third. If one of the numbers is one, then it’s just a multiply or a divide.
- Students who get used to working a problem “forwards” often struggle to work backwards, but mathematically there is no difference!
- Skills gained working with ratios can be applied to shopping, percentages, similar shapes, stratified sampling, speed, density, and other “per” problems, Direct and Inverse proportion, currency conversions, unit conversions and the Sine Rule, without learning shed loads of new stuff.
- Students often get in a muddle because they do sums and lose hold of the units of numbers so although they get a correct answer they don’t realise what it means! Cross Sums hold the units of numbers as well as the numbers themselves.
- Students sometimes try to mix different units inappropriately in their working. With cross sums this is much less likely.
- Download the booklet …. Cross Sums Booklet (pdf)
These work best if they are printed onto card, laminated, then cut up. To play, shuffle them, place them face up, and pick an easy question. Find the answer to that question, chain that card on, repeat…
I would recommend Mel’s post on error intervals – her definition of an Error Interval is:
“The range of values (between the upper and lower bounds) in which the precise value could be”
and she gives a clear explanation of how to find one.
And this one goes to a much higher level http://www.mash.dept.shef.ac.uk/Resources/A8chsubj.pdf
Mathwarehouse.com is *very* buggy website but oday one of my students did the parallel line problems and thoroughly enjoyed them.